Sedimentology involves the study of physical properties of particles/sediments that form sedimentary rocks. Physical characteristics of particles in terms of textures and composition form the basis of understanding the origin of the particles, sedimentation process, formation of different sedimentary rocks and the variations in sedimentary structures. This course is designed to teach the particle framework and processes that form different sedimentary rocks and sedimentary structures.
The course is designed to teach students the concepts and basic principles of remote sensing. It is a compulsory course for students in Applied Geology, but it also meets the needs of students in the earth sciences and other location-based disciplines. It is also expected to expose to hands-on training in the use of basic locational equipment like compass-clinometer and hand-held GPS.
This is a classical and applied intermediate course designed for 300 level students in applied geology and other relevant disciplines. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides introduction to the understanding of major group of microfossils, their treatment and applications in different areas of geosciences. The course integrates theory and practical with the purpose of exposing the students to a better understanding of the different microfossil groups. It is also intended that the course will impart useful skills on the techniques of retrieving the microfossils from sedimentary rock samples, such as subsurface (ditch cuttings, sidewall samples and cores) and outcrop samples. Topics to be covered include synopsis of microfossils in the kingdom protista, morphology, classification, biostratigraphy and geological history of major microfossil groups. These are foraminifera, ostracoda and conodonts. Applied micropaleontology with emphasis on economic, sequence stratigraphy and stratigraphic significance. Introduction to the use of relevant computer packages for micropaleontology data analyses and graphical presentation.
Chemists play a vital role in monitoring the status of the environment and the quality of environmental resources. As undergraduates of industrial chemistry, this course introduces the students to the concept of the environment as encompassing the entire global space including water (surface, oceans, seas), land, and the atmosphere (air). The course exposes the student to the concept of pollution and how anthropogenic activities have contributed to the pollution of the various phases of the environment. It also teaches the student the determination of different quality parameters in environmental samples, including instrumental techniques and the methods used for water and wastewater treatment.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Oceanic Crust & Ocean Floor Geology and geochemistry of the oceanic crust; Structural and oceanographic setting of continents and ocean basins; Configuration and structures of the ocean floor with emphasis on fractures and fault systems â€“ their occurrence, distribution and geological significance. Hydrothermal vents â€“ types, occurrence, distribution and ecological significance. Marine Stratigraphy and marine sediments; Plate tectonics and ocean history.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Gravity & Magnetic Methods. Theory of attraction and potential with applications to simple mass distributions. Green and Gauss theorems. Greenâ€™s formulae and Equivalent surface layers, Instrumentation and data acquisition. Gravity data reduction; Regional, residual anomaly separation. Interpretation of gravity anomalies; Dead and total mass estimates. Application of gravity method in ocean floor and deep-sea explorations. Fundamentals of magnetic dipole interactions with applications to simple mass distributions, Gauss Theorem. Instrumentation and data acquisition procedures. Reduction of magnetic data. Anomaly separation and interpretation. Air-borne and sea-borne magnetic surveys. Data acquisition and Interpretation. Application of magnetic methods in ocean floor and deep-sea explorations.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Basic Diving Skills . A sea-based practical course on diving to enable students acquire swimming and diving skills. Swimming, the first aspect of the training may be done in shallow lagoon/coast/beach waters but diving, which is the later and core aspect, will be carried out in the deeper waters. Assessment of students is carried out before the commencement of second semester.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Sea Floor Map Interpretation. Introduction to maps of the ocean floor. Description of sea floor features and their recognition on maps. Ocean ridges and lava features, etc
: Fields: Vector and scalar fields. Electrostatics and magnetostatics, electric field; electric field due to a line and displacement density; Coulombâ€™s law, electric potential; potential due to a distribution of charges, electric potential due to a dipole, earth potential, equipotential surfaces, electric properties of materials. Gaussâ€™s law, Laplace and Poissonâ€™s equations and boundary value problems; multipole expansion, dielectric and magnetic materials; Faradayâ€™s law; Motional emf, electromagnetic induction, Biot-Savart law, Ampereâ€™s law. Energy in magnetic fields.
This course is designed to teach students the geometrical features of main structural elements, the forces and processes involved in rock deformation, their resultant effects and how to appreciate and interpret the structural features and their evolution in time.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Physical Oceanography. Ocean dimensions, physical properties of seawater, salt, water and heat budgets of the ocean. Distribution of water characteristics in the ocean; dynamics of circulation and water masses of the ocean; wave characteristics including formation, propagation, dispersion and refraction; dynamic and equilibrium theories of tides as well as tsunamis, seiche, and internal waves; sound and optics; Application of the laws of physics to the study of the properties and circulation of the worldâ€™s oceans and atmosphere.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Physical Oceanography Laboratory. The basic techniques of oceanography including marine charts and navigation, bathymetry, marine sediments, techniques for measuring salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and surface and deep circulation. Light and sound in seawater â€“ their propagation and attenuation â€“ measurement techniques; Wave dynamics and tides â€“ measurements and classification, plankton sampling and identification. In-class field trips required
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Marine Geochemistry . Introduction to geochemistry of earth with emphasis on processes controlling elemental cycling between the earths crust, oceans, and atmosphere. Geochemistry of and geochemical activities in the oceanic crust and sediment. Controls on the geochemical composition of seawater and its geological history. Occurrence and transformation of organic substances in the marine environment â€“ the processes involved. The role of marine microbes in geological and geochemical processes. Geochemical cycle in the ocean.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Atmospheric Chemistry II. Physical and chemical processes of importance in the Earthâ€™s atmosphere: atmospheric transport, chemical kinetics and radiation; box models and geochemical cycles; The greenhouse effect, stratospheric ozone depletion and climate change â€“ natural and artificial processes involved; Anthropogenic perturbations to the oxidizing capacity of the troposphere. Pollution chemistry and atmospheric aerosols â€“ types, sources, characteristics, distribution and attenuation of the pollutants and aerosols.
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to geophysical exploration in the marine environment using seismic method. It introduces them to the fundamental principles of operations and the field applications with hands-on practical experience. As a practical course, topics to be covered include General introduction to applied seismology, Seismic waves: stress and strain, types of seismic waves, seismic wave velocities; Ray path geometry in layered ground: reflection and transmission or normally incident rays and oblique incident rays; Critical refraction, diffractions; Loss of seismic energy: spherical divergence or geometrical spreading, intrinsic attenuation, scattering; Seismic energy sources: High-resolution water borne sources, impact devices, impulsive sources, explosive sources, non-explorative sources and vibrators; Detection and recording of seismic waves: hydrophones and streamers, geophones and accelerometers, seismographs; General introduction to seismic refraction surveying; Principles of seismic refraction surveying, Field survey design, Geometry of refracted ray paths: planar interfaces, irregular (non-Planar) interfaces, Interpretation methods; General introduction to seismic reflection surveying: general considerations, reflection principles, two-dimensional survey methods, three-dimensional survey methods, vertical seismic profiling (VSP). Seismic data interpretation and potential interpretation pitfalls. Applications and case histories: high-resolution seismic profiling over water, Engineering applications: marine engineering surveys, Hydrocarbon reservoir applications: nature of hydrocarbon reservoirs, reservoir delineation, reservoir description and reservoir surveillance.
This course is a core course for which introduces the studentsâ€™ to geophysical exploration in the marine environment using electrical resistivity method. It introduces them to the fundamental principles of operations and the field applications with hands-on practical experience. Resistivities of rocks and minerals, Factors which influences resistivity, Basic principles: true resistivity, buried current source within a homogenous medium, Electrode configuration or arrays: Wenner, Schlumberger, Dipole-Dipole, Pole-Dipole, Pole-Pole, Gradient, Leepartitioning array, radial, azimuthal, equatorial, etc., Media with contrasting Resistivities, Instrumentation and field procedures: Land based survey, Marine based survey; Horizontal profiling, Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES), Field operational problems: Land based survey, Marine based survey, Presentation of resistivity measurements: Profiles, Maps, Pseudosections; Type curves, Qualitative interpretation, Applications and case studies: marine environmental survey, shallow marine
This course is a core course which introduces the studentsâ€™ to Sea Practical (Long Vacation Field Work). A variety of oceanographic settings will be studied using physical, chemical, geological and biological oceanographic techniques during the long vacation. A total of six weeks will be spent at sea and on suitable Island to take measurements, collect and process samples and do analyses. This will be based along the West African coast, preferably anywhere that is directly sandwiched between the lagoon and the open sea. Students will have the opportunity to conduct oceanographic and meteorological measurements at sea and also to collect water, sediment and biological samples for laboratory study or analysis. Every student will submit a report at the end of the exercise.
This course is the first course in numerical analysis designed for students in mathematics, physical sciences, engineering, mineral and earth sciences. The focus of the course is to equip students with basic useful skills to solve numerically both theoretical and empirical problems leading to linear and nonlinear equations. Topics to be covered include numerical solution of algebraic and transcendental equations; curve fitting; error analysis; interpolation and approximation; zeros of non linear equations in one variable; system of linear equations; numerical differentiation and integration.